Slip, slap, slop early to save your skin
Melanoma is a deadly skin cancer that usually, though not always, appears on parts of the body that have had too much exposure to the sun. Australia is among those countries whose incidence of melanoma is highest and it’s one of the country’s most commonly diagnosed cancers. But despite melanoma’s prevalence, many Australians still neglect to use sunscreen or only use it some of the time.
This study followed Australians from Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland aged between 18 and 40. Each person gave information about their ethnicity, skin type, family history of melanoma and likelihood to tan or get sunburnt. They were also asked about their level of sun exposure, sunburn and use of sunscreen in childhood and early adulthood. This wasn’t objectively measured – it took the form of questionnaire responses from those in the study. Finally, the researchers looked to see whether those in the study had received a melanoma diagnosis.
They then broadly analysed the extent to which use of sunscreen reduced the risk of a person getting melanoma. For people who regularly used sunscreen, compared with those who rarely used it, the risk of getting a melanoma was reduced by about 40 per cent. The analysis also looked at who was more likely to use sunscreen – finding, perhaps unsurprisingly, that people with paler skin with a history of getting a blistering sunburn were more likely to use it. They were also more likely to be female. Being male, having less education and having skin that was resistant to sunburn were all factors that made a person less likely to use sunscreen.
Despite the obvious benefits of sunscreen, the researchers point out its use continues to be controversial in some quarters. The study reinforces the idea that consistently applying sunscreen when you’re young – especially but not only if you have skin prone to burning – is vital in protecting against melanoma. Early diagnosis if you do get skin cancer is important too, so know the signs – a spot or mole that changes colour, size or shape, becomes raised, itches, or bleeds.
Last Reviewed: 17/01/2019
Watts, et al. (2018). Sunscreen Use and Melanoma Risk Among Young Australian Adults. JAMA Dermatology doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.1774.
Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer. Most melanomas arise as a new spot on previously normal skin, rather than from a pre-existing mole.
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Exposure to the sun is a significant predictor of your risk of melanoma, but other factors play into the likelihood you’ll develop skin cancer.
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Understanding the main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma and skin cancer treatment options.
Skin cancer treatment options
The treatment of non-melanoma skin cancer has a high success rate, provided it is detected at an early stage. Read about the different treatment options.
Skin of any colour can be damaged by the sun. Sunburn occurs more slowly than other types of burns. Physical sunscreens are usually a better choice for people who have had allergic reactions to chemical sunscreens.