Anti-inflammatory diet may help depression
Depression is a common condition affecting around one million Australians each year. One in six women and one in eight men will experience depression at some time in their life. There are a number of treatments for depression including medication and therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy. Increasingly, the diet has been investigated as a potential strategy to assist in reducing depressive symptoms. Evidence suggests that inflammation may play a role in the physiological processes associated with depression and is a possible mediator of risk factors associated with depression. Anti-inflammatory agents have therefore been cited as a potential mechanism in the treatment of depression. Certain foods are known to contain compounds that exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, leading researchers to explore their potential to play a role in the treatment of depression.
Researchers investigated the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and risk of depressive symptoms in a group of French adults and the potential effect of other bio-social factors at play including sex, age, exercise and smoking status. The inflammatory potential of participants’ diet was calculated in addition to the development of depressive symptoms.
No significant association between the inflammatory properties of the diet and depressive symptoms were observed in the cohort as a whole. When analysing subgroups though, a marginal association was observed in men whereby a more pro-inflammatory diet was associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms. A pro-inflammatory diet was also associated with higher risk of these symptoms in current and former smokers and in people who were less physically active.
These findings suggest that there may be some benefit of an anti-inflammatory diet in alleviating depression in some people. Foods with anti-inflammatory properties include fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries and oranges, fatty fish like salmon, mackerel and tuna, nuts and green leafy vegetables.
If you are experiencing a personal crisis, Lifeline provides free and confidential support 24/7 over the phone. You can call Lifeline on 13 11 14.
Last Reviewed: 13/02/2019
© Norman Swan Medical Communications.
Adjibade, M et al. (2017). The Inflammatory Potential of the Diet Is Associated with Depressive Symptoms in Different Subgroups of the General Population. The Journal of Nutrtion 147: 879 – 87. doi: 10.3945/jn.116.245167.
Depression symptoms can be improved by diet
Improving diet may be one step in reducing symptoms for people with depression
Depression: Q and A
Depression is very common, affecting more than one in 5 people in Australia in their lifetime. Get the answers to commonly asked questions about depression, including what can be done to help.
Can fish oil supplements help depression?
Researchers conducted clinical trials to find out if omega-3 fatty acids in fish oils helped ease symptoms of depression and whether fish oil supplements could be taken as a replacement for other treatments of depression.
Chronic pain management
Chronic pain affects about one in 5 people in Australia and is most common in over-65s. In many cases chronic pain is a disorder in itself rather than a symptom of an underlying illness or injury.
Depression in older people
Older people may be particularly prone to depression because of the increased likelihood that they will be experiencing stressful life events.