Video: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
What is Benign prostatic hyperplasia?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is another condition that can affect the prostate. As its name suggests, it is not cancer. It doesn’t turn into cancer. It’s quite a separate condition, but it’s extremely common. As men hit their middle age, particularly in the 50s and 60s, the prostate tends to enlarge.
We don’t actually know the exact reason why, but we think it’s due to hormonal alterations within the prostate tissue. And because the prostate surrounds the urethra, that enlargement can sometimes cause changes in urinary function. And you can actually get really quite bothersome symptoms sometimes from that, which can be treated.
Dr Jeremy Grummet, Urological Surgeon
Last Reviewed: 14/04/2020
The prostate continues to grow as men age and from the age of around 50, prostate enlargement can put pressure on the bladder, causing urination problems.
Video: Benign prostatic enlargement - symptoms
The symptoms of benign prostatic enlargement can be broken down into obstructive symptoms and irritative symptoms.
Prostate cancer: causes and symptoms
Apart from common skin cancers, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in Australian men. While the causes of prostate cancer are unknown, your risk of developing prostate cancer increases for various reasons.
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) tests
A PSA test measures the amount of prostate specific antigen in the blood. Find out about the risks and benefits of PSA screening.
Video: Prostate cancer - surgery or radiotherapy?
Choosing between surgery or radiotherapy can be a very difficult decision for patients with localised prostate cancer.