Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about PROPECIA. It does not contain all the available information.
It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking PROPECIA against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.
What PROPECIA is used for
PROPECIA is for use by men only.
PROPECIA is used to treat men with male pattern hair loss to increase hair growth on the scalp and to prevent further hair loss.
Male pattern hair loss (also known as androgenetic alopecia) is a common condition in which men experience thinning of the hair on the scalp. This often results in a receding hair line and/or balding on the top of the head. These changes typically start to occur in some men in their 20s and become more common with age. Once hair loss has occurred over a long period of time, the hair may be permanently lost.
Male pattern hair loss is thought to be caused by a combination of family history (heredity) and production of a particular male hormone, called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Men with male pattern hair loss have more DHT in the balding part of their scalp than in other parts, resulting in increased hair loss.
How PROPECIA works
PROPECIA specifically lowers the levels of DHT in the scalp, thus helping to reverse the balding process.
PROPECIA does not affect hair on other parts of the body.
Men with mild to moderate, but not complete, hair loss can expect to benefit from the use of PROPECIA. In women who were studied, PROPECIA was not effective in the treatment of hair loss (androgenetic alopecia).
There should be no need to change your usual hair care routine (for example, shampooing or haircuts) because you are taking PROPECIA.
PROPECIA is not addictive.
Before you take PROPECIA
When you must not take it
Do not take PROPECIA if:
- you have an allergy to PROPECIA or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to PROPECIA may include skin rash, or swelling of the lips or face.
- the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering
- the expiry date on the pack has passed.
If you take this medicine after the expiry date has passed, it may not work.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking PROPECIA, talk to your doctor.
Do not give PROPECIA to children or women.
Women who are pregnant or may be pregnant must not take PROPECIA, handle crushed or broken tablets or handle tablets with wet hands. If the active ingredient in PROPECIA is absorbed after swallowing the tablet or through the skin by a woman who is pregnant with a male baby, it may cause the male baby to be born with abnormalities of the sex organs.
Whole tablets are coated to prevent contact with the active ingredient during normal handling, provided that the tablets haven't been crushed or broken.
If a pregnant woman swallows PROPECIA, handles crushed or broken tablets or handles tablets with wet hands, her doctor must be consulted immediately.
PROPECIA is for use by men only.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if:
- you have or have had any medical conditions
- you have any allergies to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take any PROPECIA.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop. Some medicines may affect the way other medicines work. However, PROPECIA has not been shown to interfere with other medicines.
Driving and operating machinery
PROPECIA should not affect your ability to drive or operate machinery.
How to take PROPECIA
How much to take
Take PROPECIA only when prescribed by your doctor.
The dose is one tablet taken once each day. PROPECIA will not work faster or better if you take it more than once a day.
Swallow PROPECIA with a glass of water.
It does not matter if you take PROPECIA before or after food.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
If it is not nearly time for your next dose, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your tablet as you would normally.
If you are not sure whether to skip the dose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
If you have trouble remembering to take your tablets, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
How long to take it
Male pattern hair loss is a condition that develops over a long period of time. Because it takes time for new hair to grow, you will not see immediate results. In general, daily use for 3 months or more may be necessary before you notice increased hair growth or prevention of further loss. Continue taking PROPECIA for as long as your doctor prescribes.
If you stop taking it
If you stop taking the tablets your hair loss is likely to resume.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much PROPECIA. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
While you are using PROPECIA
Things you must do
If you are about to be started on any new medicine tell your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking PROPECIA.
Things you must not do
Do not give PROPECIA to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking PROPECIA. PROPECIA helps most men with male pattern hair loss, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few men. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
- difficulty in achieving an erection that continues after stopping PROPECIA
- less desire for sex that continued after stopping PROPECIA
- decreased amount of semen released during sex (this decrease does not appear to interfere with normal sexual function).
It is important to understand that, in clinical trials, these unwanted effects disappeared in men who stopped taking PROPECIA, as well as in many men who continued treatment.
Problems with ejaculation that continue after stopping medication have been reported infrequently. Tell your doctor if you notice this and it worries you.
Male infertility and/or poor quality of semen have been reported infrequently. Improvement in the quality of semen has been reported after stopping PROPECIA.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
- breast swelling and/or tenderness
In rare cases, male breast cancer has been reported.
- breast lumps, pain or discharge from the nipples.
- skin rash, itchiness
- hives or nettlerash (pinkish, itchy swellings on the skin)
- testicle pain
- blood in semen
- depressions (feelings of severe sadness and unworthiness) including suicidal thoughts
These are uncommon side effects that have been reported with PROPECIA.
Tell your doctor immediately or go to accident and emergency at your nearest hospital if the following happens:
- swelling of the lips, tongue, throat or face
These may be symptoms of a serious allergic reaction to PROPECIA, which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing. You may need urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some men. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any other unwanted effects.
After using PROPECIA
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them. If you take the tablets out of the blister pack they may not keep well.
Never put the tablets in another box or container, as they might get mixed up.
Keep PROPECIA in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30°C. Do not store it or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.
Do not leave it in the car or on window sills. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking the tablets, or the tablets have passed their expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.
What it looks like
PROPECIA comes as a tan, octagon-shaped tablet with a 'P' logo marked on one side and 'PROPECIA' marked on the other.
A pack contains 7, 28 or 84 tablets in a blister pack.
- finasteride 1 mg per tablet
- lactose monohydrate
- microcrystalline cellulose
- pregelatinised maize starch
- sodium starch glycollate
- docusate sodium
- magnesium stearate
- titanium dioxide
- purified talc
- iron oxide yellow CI77492
- iron oxide red CI77491
PROPECIA does not contain gluten, sucrose, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Merck Sharp & Dohme (Australia) Pty Limited
Level 1, Building A,
26 Talavera Road
MACQUARIE PARK NSW 2113
This leaflet was last revised in December 2018.
Australian Register Number: AUST R 62084
Published by MIMS February 2019