ciprofloxacin hydrochloride tablets
Consumer Medicine Information
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET
This leaflet answers some common questions about Ciprofloxacin Sandoz.
It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.
WHAT CIPROFLOXACIN SANDOZ IS USED FOR
This medicine is used to treat infections of the lungs, skin, bones and joints, kidney and bladder, prostate and bowel.
It contains the active ingredient ciprofloxacin hydrochloride.
Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride belongs to a group of medicines called quinolone antibiotics.
It works by killing the bacteria that are causing your infection.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz will not work against infections caused by viruses such as colds or the flu.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
This medicine is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
BEFORE YOU TAKE CIPROFLOXACIN SANDOZ
When you must not take it
Do not take this medicine if you have an allergy to:
- ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, the active ingredient, or to any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet under Product Description.
- other medicines belonging to the quinolone chemical family (e.g. moxifloxacin, norfloxacin, nalidixic acid).
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
- shortness of breath
- wheezing or difficulty breathing
- swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
- rash, itching or hives on the skin.
Do not take this medicine if you are also taking a medicine called tizanidine, a muscle relaxant used to treat spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis, injury or diseases of the spinal cord. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz can interfere with tizanidine and can lead to undesirable side effects.
Do not give this medicine to children and growing adolescents unless you are told by your doctor to do so. Safety and effectiveness in children and growing adolescents have not been established.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
- suffer from epilepsy (seizures, convulsions), have had a stroke, or have kidney or liver disease
- have arrhythmias (fast or irregular heartbeats). Ciprofloxacin Sandoz may increase the risk of arrhythmias, especially in the elderly or patients with low potassium levels
- have previously taken corticosteroids. You may be at increased risk of swelling of the tendons. Symptoms include pain, tenderness and sometimes restricted movement
- have myasthenia gravis, a condition where the muscles become weak. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz can worsen the symptoms of this condition
- have a history of tendon problems associated with quinolone antibiotics.
Tell your doctor if you have previously taken corticosteroids. You may be at increased risk of swelling of the tendons. Symptoms include pain, tenderness and sometimes restricted movement.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz is not recommended if you are pregnant but your doctor will assess the benefit if required. Medicines similar to Ciprofloxacin Sandoz have caused joint disease in immature animals.
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. Ciprofloxacin is excreted into the breast milk. Your doctor will tell you whether you should take it and temporarily stop breastfeeding while you are taking the tablets.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz should be used with caution in elderly patients as they are more prone to side effects.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines may be affected by Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. These include:
- medicines used to treat arrhythmias (fast or irregular heartbeats)
- theophylline, a medicine used to treat asthma
- oral anticoagulants, warfarin and it’s derivatives, medicines used to stop blood clots
- phenytoin, a medicine used to treat epilepsy
- oral antidiabetic agents
- didanosine, a medicine used to treat viral infections
- ciclosporin, a medicine used in organ transplantation
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), medicines used to treat pain, arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
- methotrexate, a medicine used to treat certain types of cancers, severe psoriasis or severe rheumatoid arthritis
- duloxetine, a medicine used to treat depression, anxiety, and nerve pain in people with diabetes
- clozapine, a medicine used to treat schizophrenia
- ropinirole, a medicine used to treat Parkinson's disease and restless legs syndrome
- the local anaesthetic lidocaine, a medicine used to numb pain or cause loss of sensation
- oxpentifylline, a medicine used to treat circulation disorders
- sildenafil, a medicine used to treat erectile dysfunction
- agomelatine, a medicine used to treat depression
- zolpidem, a medicine used to treat sleep disorders.
These medicines may be affected by Ciprofloxacin Sandoz or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicine, or you may need to take different medicines.
Some medicines may interfere with the absorption of Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. These include:
- multivitamins, mineral supplements, antacids (used for indigestion) and other medicines containing iron, zinc, magnesium, aluminium or calcium
- sucralfate, a medicine used to treat duodenal or stomach ulcers
- medicines used to treat HIV infection
- probenecid, a medicine used to treat gout
- omeprazole, a medicine used to treat stomach ulcers and other conditions where the stomach produces too much acid
- sevelamer, a medicine used to treat high blood levels of phosphorus in patients with kidney disease who are on dialysis
- metoclopramide, a medicine used to relieve nausea, vomiting and stomach pain.
You can still take these medicines while you are taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. However, you must take Ciprofloxacin Sandoz at least 2 hours before or 2 hours after taking any of these medicines.
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.
HOW TO TAKE CIPROFLOXACIN SANDOZ
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
How much to take
Your doctor or pharmacist will tell you how much and how often you should take Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. This will depend on the type of infection and any medical conditions you may have.
The usual adult dosage for most infections is one tablet twice daily for 7 to 14 days.
You may need to take your tablets for a longer period of time for some types of infections.
Your doctor may have prescribed a different dose.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure of the correct dose for you. They will tell you exactly how much to take.
Follow the instructions they give you. If you take the wrong dose, Ciprofloxacin Sandoz may not work as well and your problem may not improve.
How to take it
Swallow the tablets whole with a full glass of water.
When to take Ciprofloxacin Sandoz
Take your medicine at about the same time each day. Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take it.
Take your medicine preferably on an empty stomach, for example, 1 hour before food or 2 hours after food. Food can interfere with the absorption of this medicine. However, they can be taken with or without food.
If you need to take an antacid, multivitamins, mineral supplements and other medicines containing iron, zinc, magnesium, aluminium or calcium, take it at least 2 hours before or 2 hours after your dose of Ciprofloxacin Sandoz.
Your doctor and pharmacist will have more information on medicines to avoid while taking this medicine.
How long to take Ciprofloxacin Sandoz
Continue taking your medicine until you finish the pack or for as long as your doctor tells you.
Do not stop taking your tablets because you are feeling better. If you do not complete the full course prescribed by your doctor, the infection may not clear completely or your symptoms may return.
If you forget to take it
Take your dose as soon as you remember, and continue to take it as you would normally.
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed. This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of an overdose may include drowsiness, nausea, vomiting or little or no urine.
WHILE YOU ARE TAKING CIPROFLOXACIN SANDOZ
Things you must do
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz.
Tell any other doctors, dentists, and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist that you are taking this medicine. It may affect other medicines used during surgery.
If you develop diarrhoea, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately. Do this even if it occurs several weeks after you have stopped taking this medicine. Diarrhoea may mean that you have a serious condition affecting your bowel. You may need urgent medical care.
Do not take any medications for diarrhoea without checking with your doctor.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
Drink plenty of water while you are taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz. This helps to stop crystals forming in your urine.
If you get a sore white mouth or tongue while taking, or soon after stopping this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist. Also tell your doctor if you get vaginal itching or discharge. This may mean that you have a fungal infection called thrush. Sometimes the use of antibiotics allows fungi to grow. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz does not work against fungi.
Ciprofloxacin may affect the results of laboratory tests. If you are about to have any tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine.
Tell your doctor immediately, if you experience symptoms of depression or self-endangering behaviour. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz should be discontinued immediately.
Tell your doctor immediately if you develop pain, burning, tingling, numbness or weakness in any part of the body. Ciprofloxacin Sandoz should be discontinued immediately.
Things you must not do
Do not take Ciprofloxacin Sandoz to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not stop taking your medicine or lower the dosage without checking with your doctor. If you do not complete the full course prescribed by your doctor, some of the bacteria causing your infection may not be killed. These bacteria may continue to grow and multiply so that your infection may not clear up completely or it may return.
Things to be careful of
Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight. Your skin may become more prone to sunburn. If such a reaction occurs, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz immediately and tell your doctor.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how Ciprofloxacin Sandoz affects you. This medicine may cause dizziness in some patients, especially after the first few doses. If you have any of these symptoms, do not drive, operate machinery or do anything else that could be dangerous.
Be careful when drinking alcohol while you are taking this medicine. If you drink alcohol, dizziness and light-headedness may be worse.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz may increase the stimulatory effects of caffeine.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz.
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical attention if you get some of the side effects.
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
- dizziness or light-headedness
- mild stomach upsets such as stomach pains, flatulence or diarrhoea
- loss of appetite or altered taste
- heartburn (dyspepsia)
- feeling sick (nausea) or vomiting
- discharge and itching in the vagina
- irritability, agitation or confusion
- difficulty sleeping.
These are the more common side effects of the medicine, and are usually mild and short-lived.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
- pain, inflammation or rupture of the Achilles tendon (which extends from the calf to the heel of the foot) or other tendons
- increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, resulting in getting sunburnt more easily than usual
- joint/muscle pain or cramping
- symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia), which may include sweating, weakness, dizziness, trembling and a fast pounding heartbeat.
The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical attention. If you experience any of the above side effects, Ciprofloxacin Sandoz may need to be stopped. Serious side effects are rare.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:
- swelling of the face, lips, mouth or throat
- wheezing or difficulty breathing
- severe skin rashes, hives, itching or blistering or peeling of the skin and/or mucosal reactions
- severe abdominal or stomach cramps. Very rarely this can progress to a condition accompanied by fever and fatigue
- severe, watery or bloody diarrhoea, even if it occurs several weeks after stopping this medicine
- fits (seizures or convulsions)
- confusion, nightmares, hallucinations, and psychotic reaction (even progressing to self-endangering behaviour)
- yellowing of the skin and/or eyes, also called jaundice
- fast or irregular heart beats
- visual disturbances (eyesight problems)
- ringing in the ear, loss of hearing
- passing little or no urine
- dark coloured urine
- pain, burning, tingling, numbness and/or weakness in your limbs.
The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are rare.Rarely, there can be a worsening of the symptoms of myasthenia gravis. This is a condition in which the muscles become weak and tire easily, causing drooping eyelids, double vision, difficulty speaking and swallowing, and/or muscle weakness in the arms or legs.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell. Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.
Some of these side effects (for example kidney, liver or blood problems) can only be found when your doctor does tests from time to time to check your progress.
After taking Ciprofloxacin Sandoz
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following side effects, particularly if they occur several weeks after stopping treatment with Ciprofloxacin Sandoz:
- severe abdominal or stomach cramps
- watery and severe diarrhoea, which may also be bloody
- fever, in combination with one or both of the above.
These are rare but serious side effects. You may have a serious condition affecting your bowel. Therefore, you may need urgent medical attention.
Do not take any diarrhoea medicine without first checking with your doctor.
AFTER TAKING CIPROFLOXACIN SANDOZ
Keep your medicine in the original container.
If you take it out of its original container it may not keep well.
Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store Ciprofloxacin Sandoz or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.
What it looks like
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz comes in three types of tablets:
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 250 mg - white, round, biconvex film-coated tablets with a breaking notch on one side, embossed with 'cip 250' on the other.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 500 mg - white, oblong, biconvex film-coated tablets with a breaking notch on both sides, embossed with 'cip 500'.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 750 mg - white, oblong, biconvex film-coated tablets with a breaking notch on both sides, embossed with 'cip 750'.
Available in blisters of 14 tablets.
- Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 250mg – 250 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride)
- Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 500 mg – 500 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride)
- Ciprofloxacin Sandoz 750 mg – 750 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride).
- colloidal anhydrous silica
- magnesium stearate
- microcrystalline cellulose
- stearic acid
- sodium starch glycollate type A
- croscarmellose sodium
- macrogol 6000
- purified talc
- titanium dioxide.
This medicine does not contain lactose, sucrose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Ciprofloxacin Sandoz is supplied in Australia by:
Sandoz Pty Ltd
ABN 60 075 449 553
54 Waterloo Road
NSW 2113, Australia
Tel: 1800 726 369
This leaflet was revised in October 2018.
Australian Register Numbers
250 mg film-coated tablets: AUST R 81460 (blisters)
500 mg film-coated tablets: AUST R 81461 (blisters)
750 mg film-coated tablets: AUST R 81462 (blisters)
Published by MIMS December 2018