Healthy fats can improve insulin resistance
High-fat foods can improve insulin resistance if they are plant-based and eaten instead of animal fats and refined carbohydrates, a combined analysis of several studies shows.
A group from Tufts University and the University of Cambridge reviewed findings from 102 scientific trials with a total of 4660 participants, for the first time quantifying the benefit of healthy fats on blood glucose control.
They found that for each 5% of dietary energy switched from carbohydrates or saturated fats to mono- or polyunsaturated fats there was a 0.1% reduction in HbA1c – a marker of how good blood glucose control has been over the previous 3 months.
Healthy fat-rich foods include walnuts, sunflower seeds, soybeans, fish and flaxseed, the authors say
Last Reviewed: 09/08/2016
Reproduced with kind permission from Medical Observer.
PLoS Medicine 2016; online 19 July
Video: Healthy eating
Healthy eating is about consuming a balanced diet with a variety of nutritious foods and even the occasional indulgent food. When this is combined with adequate exercise, it can help to manage your weight, reduce your risk of many health conditions and improve your overall quality of life.
The glycaemic index (GI) ranks carbohydrates by how quickly your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels will rise after eating that food.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance and often goes hand in hand with obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
6 Foods to beat inflammation
Ongoing inflammation is behind medical conditions such as high blood pressure and insulin resistance. Find out 6 foods that can reduce inflammation, with myDr.com.au.
Saturated fats are usually solid or waxy at room temperature and some saturated fatty acids can increase your cholesterol level and put you at increased risk of heart disease.