Kidneys and how they work

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that sit on either side of your spine, just below your rib cage. They are about the size of an adult fist. Their main role is to filter waste products from your body.

Health Images

Asthma and smoking

Smoking and asthma do not combine well. Tobacco smoke harms the airways of both smokers and those exposed to environmental tobacco smoke.


Period pain

Period pain is a common problem, and when severe it can stop you from doing your usual activities. However, there are treatments available for painful periods.

Women's Health

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) causes unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms in the lead up to menstruation. Symptoms go away within a few days of getting your period, but return again each month.

Women's Health

ITB syndrome

ITB friction syndrome is inflammation of the iliotibial band, the strong band of thick tissue that runs down the outside of the thigh.

Exercise & Fitness

Calf strain or tear

Calf strain or tear is caused by overstretching or tearing of either of the 2 calf muscles. It usually starts with sudden pain in the back of the leg.

Exercise & Fitness

Corked thigh

Corked thigh is caused by bleeding into the thigh muscle - usually caused by a direct blow to the thigh during contact sports. A haematoma in the quadriceps muscle may occur.

Exercise & Fitness

Recovery position

The recovery position is used for a casualty who is unconscious but breathing, or for an unconscious person who has foreign material in their airway.

Health Images

Chickenpox in adults

For those adults who didn't catch chickenpox in childhood, or who haven't been vaccinated, an attack of chickenpox can produce serious, sometimes lethal, complications.

First Aid & Self-Care


Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the eye's conjunctiva and may be contagious. Treatment depends on the cause.

Eye Health

Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment (detached retina) is a medical emergency when the retina becomes separated from the inside of the eye.  Warning signs include a sudden increase in floaters or flashes. Seek immediate medical attention. This could save your sight.

Eye Health

Eye anatomy

View this anatomical diagram of the eye, showing the eye structure, including the pupil, iris, cornea, retina and optic nerve.

Eye Health

Red eye

Red eye is the term used when irritation or infection causes the eye to be red, itchy, watery and feel gritty. It's sometimes known as a 'bloodshot eye'.

Eye Health


Insomnia (not sleeping) is a problem that most people experience at some time or another. Find out more about insomnia and how to cope with difficulty sleeping.

First Aid & Self-Care

Ovulation testing

If you are trying to get pregnant, ovulation testing can help you work out when you are likely to ovulate and find your most fertile days. There are also natural ways of predicting the best time to conceive.

Babies & Pregnancy

Blood glucose testing

Blood glucose testing measures the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood, and is one of the most common screening tests used for diabetes. Find out more about blood glucose testing.

Pharmacy Care

Oral healthcare

Oral health problems include tooth decay, gum disease, mouth ulcers, halitosis, childhood teething and oral thrush. Find out what products are available to promote oral health.

Pharmacy Care