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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis causes the joints to become painful and stiff. It is the most common type of arthritis, and occurs when the cartilage on the end of bones becomes permanently damaged.

Arthritis

Condoms

Condoms can be used to prevent both pregnancy and the transmission of STIs, but should be used with appropriate lubricants to make them less likely to break. Only water-based lubricants should be used with latex condoms.

Babies & Pregnancy

Reflux in babies

Reflux, when the contents of the stomach flow back up the oesophagus, is a common problem in babies younger than 12 months. Reflux may cause regurgitation or ‘spitting up’ and is sometimes called possetting.

Babies & Pregnancy Symptoms

Contraception: injection

Hormonal contraceptive injections containing depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) - brand names include Depo-Provera and Depo-Ralovera - provide reliable contraception for 3 months.

Babies & Pregnancy

Pregnancy testing

Pregnancy testing can be done from around the time that your period is due, and involves testing your urine for the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

Babies & Pregnancy

Dandruff

Dandruff is when your scalp sheds excessive amounts of larger-than-normal skin flakes. These flakes stick to the hair shafts, eventually falling on the collars and shoulders of clothes.

Skin & Hair

Hirsutism in women

Hirsutism is the problem of having too much hair on the face or body. In women with hirsutism, the hair is course and pigmented and grows in areas where men tend to grow hair.

Women's Health

Dry skin

Complications can develop when you have dry skin. Often this is linked to the fact that healthy skin acts like a natural barrier, whereas unhealthy skin – including dry skin – offers less protection.

Skin & Hair

Buteyko breathing for asthma

The Buteyko breathing method focusses on the rhythm and rate of breathing, aiming to slow down breathing rate and regulate rhythm. Breathing through the nose, rather than the mouth, may also help improve asthma symptoms.

Asthma

Muscle aches and pains: treatments

Muscular aches and pains (myalgia) are very common, affecting most people at one time or another. Uncomplicated muscle pain, where you normally know the cause, is usually easily treated with simple measures. 

Exercise & Fitness

Pneumococcal disease

Pneumococcal disease is illness caused by infection with the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. Read about the symptoms, treatment and prevention.

Seniors' Health

Animation: effects of ageing

Our animation shows you the effects of ageing on your mind and body, and highlights some of the changes that may be prevented, or at least delayed, by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Seniors' Health

Bunions

A bunion is an abnormal swollen bony bump that appears on the base of the big toe joint. Treatment options include correct footwear, pads and toe inserts, medicines and surgery.

Skin & Hair

Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea happens when the muscles at the back of the throat relax and block the airways during sleep. Symptoms include snoring and waking up with a sensation of choking or gasping.

First Aid & Self-Care

Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer - the second most common type of cancer affecting both men and women in Australia - is cancer that starts in the large bowel (colon) or rectum.

Gastrointestinal Health

Nappy rash

Nappy rash can result from contact dermatitis, or from a fungal thrush infection. Find out how to manage this condition and when you should see your doctor.

Babies & Pregnancy

Cradle cap

Cradle cap usually gets better on its own, within a few weeks of appearing.There are several things you can do at home (self-care) to try to improve cradle cap and treatments are available from your doctor.

Babies & Pregnancy