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ethinyloestradiol (as betadex clathrate) and drospirenone
Consumer Medicine Information
This leaflet answers some common questions about YAZ. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking YAZ against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns, or are unsure about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more advice.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.
YAZ is a combined oral contraceptive, commonly known as a ‘birth control pill’ or ‘the Pill’.
YAZ is used to prevent pregnancy.
It is also used to treat moderate acne in women seeking oral contraception and to treat symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
You may also experience the following benefits:
Some medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy and disorders of the uterus (womb), ovaries and breast are less common in women using oral contraceptives.
When taken correctly, it prevents you from becoming pregnant in several ways:
difficult for the sperm to reach the egg
changing the lining of the uterus, making it less suitable for implantation.
YAZ has 24 active (hormone) tablets and 4 inactive tablets, compared with the traditional 21 active tablets and 7 inactive tablets of other Pills.
This means that with YAZ, you take the active (hormone) tablets for three more days than other contraceptive Pills. This helps your hormone levels to stay even.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
Do not take YAZ if you have an allergy to
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
Do not take YAZ if you have or have had a blood clot in:
Do not take YAZ if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots.
Blood clots are rare. Very occasionally blood clots may cause serious permanent disabilities, or may even be fatal.
You are more at risk of having a blood clot when you take the Pill. But the risk when taking the Pill is less than the risk during pregnancy.
Do not take YAZ if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots because of age or smoking.
The risk of having a heart attack or stroke increases as you get older. It also increases if you smoke. You should stop smoking when taking the Pill, especially if you are older than 35 years of age.
Do not take YAZ if you have, or have had:
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant.
Do not give this medicine to a child.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack and blister.
The expiry date is printed on the carton and on each blister after “EXP” (e.g. 11 09 refers to November 2009). The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. If it has expired return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
Do not take this medicine if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If the packaging is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor if:
Tell your doctor if you have, or have had any of the following medical conditions:
Ask your doctor to check if you have:
If any of the above conditions appear for the first time, or recur or worsen while taking YAZ, you should contact your doctor.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking YAZ.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and YAZ may interfere with each other. These include:
These medicines may be affected by YAZ, or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.
You might have an increase in potassium in the blood if you are taking YAZ with medicines that may increase potassium levels in the blood. These include:
In a study of women taking drospirenone together with an ACE inhibitor, no significant differences were observed in the potassium levels when compared to the placebo.
You may need to use additional barrier methods of contraception (such as condoms or a diaphragm) while you are taking any of these medicines and for some time after stopping them.
Your doctor will be able to advise you about how long you will need to use additional contraceptive methods.
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines that you need to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions printed on the pharmacist label, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
Take your first pink (active) tablet from the green area on the blister pack corresponding to the day of the week. Follow the direction of the arrows on the blister pack until all the tablets have been taken. Each blister pack is marked with the day of the week.
Take one tablet daily at about the same time everyday. You must take YAZ every day even if you do not have sex very often. It will also help you remember when to take it.
Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. It does not matter if you take this medicine before or after food.
If you do not understand the instructions on the blister pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
Always start a new blister pack on the same day of the week as your previous pack.
If you are starting YAZ after a natural cycle, and you have not used a hormonal contraceptive in the past month, start on the first day of your period, i.e. on the first day of your menstrual bleeding.
You may also start on days 2-5 of your period, but in that case make sure you also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condom) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking.
Your doctor will advise you when to start if you
Changing from a combined oral contraceptive:
If you are switching from a 28 day pack combined oral contraceptive, start taking YAZ on the day after taking the last active tablet in your previous Pill pack or immediately after finishing your last Pill (a withdrawal bleed may not occur until the end of the first pack of YAZ).
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure which the active tablets were in your previous Pill pack. Your previous Pill pack may have different colour tablets to those of YAZ.
Changing from a progestogen-only pill:
If you are switching from a progestogen-only Pill (minipill), stop taking the minipill on any day and start taking YAZ at the same time the next day. But make sure you also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.
Changing from an injectable, implant or progesterone-releasing intrauterine system (IUS):
If you are switching from an injectable, implant or IUS, start taking YAZ when your next injection is due, or on the day that your implant or IUS is removed. Make sure you also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.
If you miss a tablet and take the missing tablet within 12 hours of missing it, you will be protected against pregnancy. If you are more than 12 hours late follow these detailed instructions:
For YAZ to be most effective, pink active tablets need to be taken uninterrupted for 7 days.
If you have been taking the pink active tablets for 7 uninterrupted days and miss a pink active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day. You will be protected against pregnancy.
The chance of pregnancy after missing a pink active tablet depends on when you missed the tablet. There is a higher risk of becoming pregnant if you miss a tablet at the beginning or end of a pack.
If after taking your missed tablet you have less than 7 days of pink active tablets left in a row, you should finish the active tablets in your pack but skip the white inactive tablets and start a new pack. This is the best way to maintain contraceptive protection. However, you may not have a period until the end of the pink active tablets of the second pack. You may have spotting or breakthrough bleeding on tablet-taking days.
If you have been taking the pink active tablets for less than 7 days and miss a pink active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day. In addition, you should also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the next 7 days.
If you have had sexual intercourse during that time, there is a possibility of pregnancy and you may need emergency contraception.
If you forget to take more than one pink active tablet, seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about what to do.
If you have had sexual intercourse in the week before missing your tablets, there is a possibility of becoming pregnant.
If you forget to take a white inactive tablet, take it as soon as you remember and take the next tablet at the usual time. You are still protected against pregnancy because the white tablets do not contain any active ingredients.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Australia: 13 11 26 or New Zealand: 0800 POISON or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much YAZ.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.
Tell any doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine. It may interfere with the results of some tests.
Have regular check ups with your doctor. When you are taking the Pill, your doctor will tell you to return for regular check ups, including getting a pap smear test. Your doctor will advise how often you need a pap smear test. A pap smear test can detect abnormal cells lining the cervix. Sometimes abnormal cells can progress to cancer.
If you are about to start on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking YAZ.
Stop taking YAZ and see your doctor immediately if you notice possible signs of thrombosis. These include:
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist beforehand that you are taking this medicine. The risk of having deep venous thrombosis is temporarily increased as a result of an operation or immobilisation (for example, when you have your leg or legs in plaster or splints). In women who take the Pill, the risk may be higher.
The excess risk of thrombosis is highest during the first year a woman takes a combined oral contraceptive. Your doctor may tell you to stop taking the Pill several weeks before surgery, or at the time of immobilisation, and when you can start taking the Pill again. If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis, stop taking the Pill and consult your doctor immediately.
Consult your doctor if you develop high blood pressure while taking YAZ – you may be told to stop taking it.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
If you vomit within 3-4 hours or have severe diarrhoea after taking a pink active tablet, the active ingredients may not have been completely absorbed. This is like missing a tablet. Follow the advice for missed tablets.
If you have unexpected bleeding and it continues, becomes heavy, or occurs again, tell you doctor.
When taking these tablets for the first few months, you can have irregular vaginal bleeding (spotting or breakthrough bleeding) between your periods. You may need to use sanitary protection, but continue to take your tablets as normal. Irregular vaginal bleeding usually stops once your body has adjusted to the Pill, usually after about 3 months.
If you have missed a period, but you have taken all your tablets, it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Provided that:
If this is so, continue to take YAZ as usual. If you have any concerns consult your doctor or pharmacist.
If you miss your period twice in a row, you may be pregnant and you should seek advice from your doctor. Do not start the next pack of YAZ until your doctor has checked that you are not pregnant.
YAZ will not protect you from HIV-AIDS or any other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, human papilloma virus and syphilis. To protect yourself from STDs, you will need to use additional barrier contraceptives (e.g. condoms).
Do not take YAZ to treat any other conditions, unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give your medicine to anyone else.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dosage without checking with your doctor. You may become pregnant if you are not using any other contraceptive and you stop taking YAZ, or do not take a tablet every day.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking YAZ.
This medicine helps most people, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical attention if you get some of the side effects.
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
The following list includes the more common side effects of your medicine. These are usually mild and lessen with time.
If you notice any of the following side effects and they worry you, tell your doctor or pharmacist:
The following list includes very serious but rare side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.
If you experience any of the following, tell your doctor immediately, or go to the Emergency Department at your nearest hospital:
The side effects listed above are possible signs of a thrombosis.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you feel unwell. Other side effects not listed on the following pages may also occur in some people.
Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot that may block a blood vessel.
Thrombosis sometimes occurs in the deep veins of the legs (deep venous thrombosis (DVT)). If a blood clot breaks away from the veins where it has formed, it may reach and block the arteries of the lungs, causing pulmonary embolism (PE).
Blood clots are a rare occurrence and can develop whether or not you are taking an oral contraceptive. They can also happen during pregnancy. The risk of having blood clots is higher in OC users than in non users, but not as high as during pregnancy.
Therefore, one should keep the possibility of an increased thromboembolic risk in mind, particularly where there is a history of thromboembolic diseases.
If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis, stop taking YAZ and consult your doctor immediately.
Breast cancer has been diagnosed slightly more often in women who take the Pill than in women of the same age who do not take the Pill. This slight increase in the numbers of breast cancer diagnoses gradually disappears during the course of the 10 years after women stop taking the Pill.
It is not known whether the difference is caused by the Pill. It may be that these women were examined more often, so that the breast cancer was noticed earlier.
In rare cases benign liver tumours and, even more rarely, malignant liver tumours have been reported in users of the Pill. These tumours may lead to internal bleeding. Contact your doctor immediately if you have severe pain in your abdomen.
Cervical cancer has been reported to occur more often in women who have been using the Pill for a long time. This finding may not be caused by the Pill, but may be related to sexual behaviour and other factors.
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them. If you take the tablets out of the pack they may not keep well.
Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30°C.
Do not store it or any other medicine in the bathroom, near a sink, or on a window-sill.
Do not leave it in the car. Heat and damp can destroy some medicines.
Keep YAZ where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.
Return any unused medicine to your pharmacist.
YAZ comes in a box containing either 1 or 3 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 24 pink active tablets and 4 white inactive tablets.
Each YAZ pink active tablet contains:
Each white inactive tablet contains:
Made in Germany for:
Bayer Australia Limited
ABN 22 000 138 714
875 Pacific Highway
Bayer New Zealand Limited
3 Argus Place
Hillcrest North Shore
YAZ - AUST R 133649
See TGA website (www.tga.gov.au) for latest Australian Consumer Medicine Information.
See MEDSAFE website (www.medsafe.govt.nz) for latest New Zealand Consumer Medicine Information.
Missed a pill?
See “If you forget to take it” in this leaflet
® Registered Trademark of Bayer AG, Germany
© Bayer Australia Ltd
All rights reserved.
|Summary of advice if you missed a tablet more than 12 hours ago.|
|Before missing your tablet, did you take pink active tablets for the previous 7 days?||No||Did you have sex in the 7 days before missing the tablet?||→|
|Yes||Does your pack still have 7 active pink tablets in a row to follow?||→|
Published by MIMS/myDr June 2010