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contains the active ingredient metformin hydrochloride
Consumer Medicine Information
This leaflet answers some common questions about Diabex XR.
It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes educator.
All medicines have benefits and risks. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking Diabex XR against the benefits expected for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes educator.
Keep this leaflet with your medicine. You may need to read it again.
Diabex XR is used to control blood glucose (sugar) in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in those who are overweight. It is used when diet and exercise are not enough to control high levels of blood glucose.
Diabex XR can be used alone, or in combination with other medicines for treating diabetes.
TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or maturity onset diabetes.
Insulin is a hormone that enables body tissues to take up glucose from the blood and to use it for energy or fat storage for future use.
People with Type 2 diabetes are unable to make enough insulin or their body does not respond properly to the insulin it does make. This causes a build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia), which can lead to serious medical problems.
Long-term hyperglycaemia can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney damage, poor blood circulation and gangrene.
Signs of hyperglycaemia may include:
Diabex XR belongs to a group of medicines called biguanides. It lowers high blood glucose levels by:
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Diabex XR has been prescribed for you.
Diabex XR is not recommended in children as its safety and effectiveness have not been established in this age group.
Diabex XR is available only with a doctor's prescription.
There is no evidence that Diabex XR is addictive.
This medicine has been prescribed for you personally and you should not pass it onto others even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
Do not take Diabex XR if you are allergic to:
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, itching or hives; swelling of the face, lips or tongue which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing; wheezing or shortness of breath.
Do not take Diabex XR if you have any of the following medical conditions:
Do not take Diabex XR if you need to have major surgery or an examination such as an X-ray or a scan requiring an injection of iodinated contrast (dye).
You must stop taking Diabex XR for a certain period of time before and after the examination or the surgery. Your doctor will decide whether you need any other treatment for this time. It is important that you follow your doctor's instructions precisely.
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Insulin is more suitable for controlling blood glucose during pregnancy. Your doctor will replace Diabex XR with insulin while you are pregnant.
Do not take Diabex XR if you are breastfeeding.
Your doctor will discuss the options available to you.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking Diabex XR, ask your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives.
Before starting Diabex XR your doctor will ask you to have a blood test to check your kidney function.
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol.
Alcohol can affect the control of your diabetes. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol while you are being treated with Diabex XR may also lead to serious side effects.
Your doctor may suggest you stop drinking or reduce the amount of alcohol you drink.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Diabex XR.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and Diabex XR may interfere with each other.
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking Diabex XR.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor and pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Diabex XR comes in two strengths
Diabex XR 500 (500 mg Tablets) and Diabex XR 1000 (1000 mg Tablets).
The dose varies from person to person. Your doctor will decide the right dose for you.
The usual starting dose is 1 tablet (500 mg) once daily with the evening meal. Your doctor may increase the dose slowly, depending on your blood glucose levels.
The maximum recommended dose is 2 grams once per day.
The elderly and people with kidney problems may need smaller doses.
Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water.
Do not break, crush or chew the tablets.
If you break, crush or chew Diabex XR, they will not work as well. Diabex XR are extended release tablets. This means they have a special coating which allows the active ingredient, metformin, to be released slowly over time.
Take your medicine everyday with the evening meal.
Taking Diabex XR during or with your evening meal will reduce the chance of a stomach upset.
Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take it.
Keep taking Diabex XR for as long as your doctor recommends.
Diabex XR will help control diabetes but will not cure it. Most people will need to take Diabex XR for long periods of time.
When you start treatment with Diabex XR, it can take up to some weeks for your blood glucose levels to be properly controlled.
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much Diabex XR. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
If you take too much Diabex XR, you may feel very tired, sick, vomit, have trouble breathing and have unusual muscle pain, stomach pain or diarrhoea. These may be early signs of a serious condition called lactic acidosis (build up of lactic acid in the blood).
You may also experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose). This usually only happens if you take too much Diabex XR together with other medicines for diabetes or with alcohol.
If you do experience any signs of hypoglycaemia, raise your blood glucose quickly by eating jelly beans, sugar or honey, drinking a non-diet soft drink or taking glucose tablets.
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Diabex XR .
Tell all the other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking this medicine.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you plan to have:
Your doctor will advise you when to stop taking Diabex XR before you have these procedures and when to start again.
Diabex XR does not normally cause hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar), although you may experience it while taking other medicines for diabetes such as insulin, sulfonylureas or glinide.
Make sure that you, your friends, family and work colleagues can recognise the symptoms of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and know how to treat them.
Hypoglycaemia can occur suddenly. Initial signs may include:
If not treated promptly, these may progress to:
If you experience any of the symptoms of hypoglycaemia, you need to raise your blood glucose immediately.
You can do this by doing one of the following:
Unless you are within 10 to 15 minutes of your next meal or snack, follow up with extra carbohydrates such as plain biscuits, fruit or milk.
Taking this extra carbohydrate will prevent a second drop in your blood glucose level.
If you experience any of the signs of hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar), contact your doctor immediately.
The risk of hyperglycaemia is increased in the following situations:
Tell your doctor if any of the following happen:
Your blood glucose may become difficult to control at these times. You may also be more at risk of developing a serious condition called lactic acidosis. At these times, your doctor may replace Diabex XR with insulin.
Visit your doctor regularly for check ups.
Your doctor may want to check your kidneys, liver, heart and blood levels while you are taking Diabex XR.
Make sure you check your blood glucose levels regularly.
This is the best way to tell if your diabetes is being controlled properly. Your doctor or diabetes educator will show you how and when to do this.
Carefully follow the advice of your doctor and dietician on diet, drinking alcohol and exercise.
Do not use Diabex XR to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not skip meals while taking Diabex XR.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dose without checking with your doctor.
If you have to be alert, for example when driving, be especially careful not to let your blood glucose levels fall too low.
Low blood glucose levels may slow your reaction time and affect your ability to drive or operate machinery. Drinking alcohol can make this worse. However, Diabex XR by itself is unlikely to affect how you drive or operate machinery.
After the active ingredient metformin is absorbed into your body, you may see the empty tablet shell in your faeces (bowel motions). This is normal and does not affect the way Diabex XR works.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Diabex XR.
Diabex XR helps most people with diabetes but it may have unwanted side effects in some people.
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
You may not experience any of them.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
These are generally mild side effects which disappear after the first few weeks. Taking Diabex XR with meals can help reduce nausea and diarrhoea.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:
Symptoms of liver disease such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, feeling generally unwell, fever, yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice) and dark coloured urine
TELL YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY OR GO TO ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY AT THE NEAREST HOSPITAL IF YOU NOTICE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS OF LACTIC ACIDOSIS (BUILD UP OF LACTIC ACID IN THE BLOOD):
LACTIC ACIDOSIS IS A VERY RARE BUT SERIOUS SIDE EFFECT REQUIRING URGENT MEDICAL ATTENTION OR HOSPITALISATION. ALTHOUGH RARE, IF LACTIC ACIDOSIS DOES OCCUR, IT CAN BE FATAL. THE RISK OF LACTIC ACIDOSIS IS HIGHER IN THE ELDERLY, THOSE WHOSE DIABETES IS POORLY CONTROLLED, THOSE WITH PROLONGED FASTING, THOSE WITH CERTAIN HEART CONDITIONS, THOSE WHO DRINK ALCOHOL AND THOSE WITH SEVERE KIDNEY OR LIVER PROBLEMS.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell. It is very important that you speak to your doctor immediately if a side effect is severe, occurred suddenly or gets worse rapidly.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.
Some side effects (e.g. reduced vitamin B12 level) can only be found when your doctor does tests from time to time to check your progress.
Keep Diabex XR where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them. If you take the tablets out of the blister pack they may not keep well.
Keep your Diabex XR tablets in a cool, dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store Diabex XR or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.
Do not leave Diabex XR in the car or on window sills. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine, or your tablets have passed their expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.
Diabex XR comes in 2 strengths. Diabex XR 500 (500 mg Tablets) and Diabex XR 1000 (1000 mg Tablets).
The active ingredient in Diabex XR is metformin hydrochloride.
Each extended release tablet contains 500 mg of metformin hydrochloride.
The tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients:
The tablets do not contain sucrose, lactose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Each extended release tablet contains 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride.
The tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients:
The tablets do not contain sucrose, lactose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Diabex XR 500 and Diabex XR 1000 are supplied in Australia by:
Alphapharm Pty Limited
(ABN 93 002 359 739)
Chase Building 2
Cnr. Wentworth Park Road & Bay Street
Glebe NSW 2037
Phone: (02) 9298 3999
Phone: 1800 028 365
Australian registration numbers are:
Diabex XR 500 - AUST R 98982
Diabex XR 1000 - AUST R 153699
This leaflet was prepared on
26th February 2010
* Registered trade mark of
Merck Sante s.a.s.
Published by MIMS October 2010
You are under optimum weight for your height. Being underweight can carry health risks for both men and women. Check with your doctor or dietitian to find out if your current weight is healthy for you.
You have a healthy weight for your height.
You are over optimum weight for your height. You may be facing health problems, so losing some weight would be a good idea.
You are over optimum weight for your height. You may be facing health risks, so see your doctor to help you achieve a healthier weight.