Diabetes: type 2 diabetes testing

The following categories have been identified as ‘high risk’ for developing type 2 diabetes. If you fit into any of these categories you should be tested for type 2 diabetes.

  • Have impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose.
  • Have cardiovascular disease (heart attack, angina, stroke or peripheral vascular disease).
  • Are a Pacific Islander or from the Indian Subcontinent or of Chinese origin and aged 35 years or over.
  • Are aged 40 or over with BMI equal to or greater than 30, or with high blood pressure.
  • Have had high blood sugar during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
  • Have polycystic ovarian syndrome and are obese.
  • Are taking medicines used to treat psychotic illness (anti-psychotics).

In addition to these high-risk categories above, there are other groups who should have their risk assessed regularly by their doctor:

  • Anyone over 40.
  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander over 18.

If you are at risk, your doctor can do a simple blood test to see if you have type 2 diabetes or are at risk of developing it in the future.

Last Reviewed: 8 September 2015


1. RACGP. General practice management of type 2 diabetes. 2014-2015. http://www.racgp.org.au/your-practice/guidelines/diabetes/ (accessed Sept 2015).
2. NHMRC. Diabetes Australia. The University of Sydney. National evidence based guideline for case detection and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. 2009. http://static.diabetesaustralia.com.au/s/fileassets/diabetes-australia/af2389ea-8f61-4c54-82d6-77ab07f03597.pdf (accessed Sept 2015).


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