While the causes of prostate cancer are unknown, the chance of developing prostate cancer increases:
In 5-10 per cent of men with prostate cancer, their family medical history may indicate they have an inherited gene that contributed to the cancer's development.
You may have an inherited prostate cancer gene if you have:
If you are concerned about your family history of prostate cancer, you may wish to ask your doctor for a referral to a family cancer clinic or a urologist to advise you on suitable testing for you and your family.
Men should discuss their individual need for prostate cancer screening with their GP.
Early prostate cancer rarely causes symptoms. This is because the cancer is not large enough to put pressure on the urethra.
If the cancer grows and spreads beyond the prostate (advanced cancer), it may cause:
Advanced prostate cancer can press on the urethra and cause urinary problems but by then it is probably causing other more serious symptoms.
These symptoms are common to other conditions and may not be a sign of advanced prostate cancer. If you are concerned about cancer and/or are experiencing any of these symptoms, speak to your general practitioner (GP).
For more information call the Cancer Council Helpline on 13 11 20.
Last Reviewed: 01 June 2011