Asthma linked to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
6 April 2016
Asthma is associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and excess weight, Australian researchers report.
Their preliminary research shows that, among reproductive-age women, PCOS as well as overweight and obesity is independently linked with asthma.
The findings highlight that PCOS is a complex disorder that includes significant inflammatory underpinnings, says lead author Dr Anju Joham, an endocrinologist and postdoctoral research fellow at Monash University.
To examine these links, Dr Joham and colleagues analysed data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health, randomly selecting the survey responses of 9,145 women about their PCOS and asthma status.
Among those aged 28 to 33 years, PCOS prevalence was 5.8%. Drilling down further, among the women who reported having PCOS, 15.2% also said they had asthma, compared with only 10.6% of women who did not have PCOS.
The study shows that having PCOS or having a BMI (body mass index) in either the overweight or obese category were independently associated with having asthma.
Of the women reporting they had asthma, the average BMI was significantly higher in those who reported having PCOS compared with those not reporting PCOS. Polycystic ovary syndrome was associated with increased odds of asthma as was BMI in the overweight and obese ranges.
The results of the study were presented in Boston at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society.